Dateline Houston, Texas: Houston we have a problem: Six little inches of air will determine whether millions of dollars will be spent to clean up the air of millions of people in the Oil and Chemical Capital of the World.
Houston has one of the largest urban networks of air monitors and some of the worst air pollution in the nation. This is all thanks to their Master Un-Plan. Thanks to the complete lack of any zoning regulations; freeways, refineries and chemical plants sit right on top of neighborhoods, schools, day cares, hospitals and the like. Ozone alert days telling everyone to stay inside are a frequent occurrence.
Despite all the monitors in this vast area, the federal determination about Houston’s air quality index for the smallest and most hazardous particle may come down to how about 6 inches of the hundreds of square miles of air is measured.
Two key State run monitors for the pesky PM 2.5 micron size particle are in the bustling Ship Channel area of Galena Park, home to hundreds of major industrial air polluters and the ginormous Port of Houston, filled with trucks, tugs, tankers and diesel powered engines. All of these are large contributors to PM 2.5 pollution. The Federal health based standard for PM 2.5 is 12 micrograms per cubic meter over a 24 hour period.
If the two State monitors in the Ship Channel average over 12 this year, the area will be in violation of the Federal Standard to protect human health and be faced with spending hundreds of millions of dollars to clean it up. Much of that cost would be passed on to the polluters to clean up their emissions.
The State uses standard air monitoring technology, which captures air through a 3-inch intake, so together the two monitors are breathing in 6 inches of air total in this vast region.
And those monitors are supposed to be very thoughtfully located to accurately represent that huge zone. One has to pause here and question the wisdom and accuracy of these assumptions, but these are the cards we are all currently dealt by our State and Federal Agencies’ clearly outdated protocols and systems.
Right now the more important of the two monitors is located on the very edge of a little community known as Galena Park. Most of the residents of Galena Park are nowhere near the monitor. The current average level of PM 2.5 pollution at the Galena Park site is sitting at 11.6, just shy of a violation.
And that’s right where many local politicians, the Port, industry and the State of Texas want to keep it, below 12.
Maybe that’s why several million dollars was spent by these folks to pave dirt roads in the Port adjacent to the monitor site. And why trees were planted as a buffer to filter particles before they get sucked into that precious 3 inches of Houston’s air.
However, community members in Galena Park together with the non-profit Air Alliance Houston got trained by the Global Community Monitor to do their own independent tests to get to the bottom of what most of the residents of the area are breathing.
Results from 6 months of tests show that the levels of PM 2.5 (taken at 5 sites including schools, City Hall and neighborhoods) are averaging an unhealthy 15.6, well above the Federal standard.
According to recent peer reviewed studies, the levels of fine particles in the air that is often available for breathing in Galena Park could cause hospitalization, heart attack, stroke or premature death.
Of course these areas did not get the benefits of extra paving on Port roads near them and not a single sapling either.
It’s curious that three little inches of air got so much attention and investment so a machine could breathe healthy air, while the 10,000 residents of Galena Park get unhealthy air and zero investment.
But then again you have to consult the Master Un-Plan: unlimited and unplanned growth is encouraged in Texas.
Like Governor Rick says, “We’re open for business in Texas.” It’s becoming clearer exactly what that means to people trying to breathe in booming places like Houston.
At this rate it’s anybody’s guess how much longer Texas will be “Open for Breathing”.